Creating a custom PHPUnit command for DDEV

To begin with, let's create an empty file for our command:

touch .ddev/commands/web/phpunit

Commands are located within the .ddev/commands directory, with a sub-directory for the container name in which the command should be executed - or host if it's a command that is to be run on the host machine.

As the example repo has a web sub-directory to mimic my Drupal application structure, the command should be run inside the web container so the file should be placed within the .ddev/commands/web directory.

As we want the command to be 'phpunit', the filename should also be phpunit.

This is an example of a basic command, which is a simple bash script:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

echo 'running phpunit...'

To begin with, let's echo some simple text to check that the command is working. It should also be listed if you run the ddev command.

To check the working directory that it used when the command is run, add the following line in the command file:

echo $(pwd)

In the example, it is /var/www/html/web. Note that we are already inside the web sub-directory.

Running PHPUnit

To run PHPUnit, I can add the following to the command file:

../vendor/bin/phpunit --config .. $*

As we're already in the web directory, the command needs to go up on level before running the PHPUnit command, and uses --config to define the path to the phpunit.xml.dist file which is also in the parent directory.

Using $* adds any additional arguments from the CLI to the command inside the container.

The command could be made simpler by overridding the working_directory value in .ddev/config:

  web: /var/www/html

This means that we start in /var/www/html rather than inside the web directory, and that we can simplify the command to be:

vendor/bin/phpunit $*

Because the phpunit.xml.dist file is inside the working directory, I no longer need to specify its path.

Adding documentation

To add documentation and help text to the command, add these lines to the command file:

## Description: Run PHPUnit tests inside the web container.
## Usage: phpunit
## Example: "ddev phpunit" or with additional arguments such as "ddev phpunit --testdox"

These will be parsed and shown when someone runs ddev phpunit -h, and can be used to show various examples such as adding additional arguments for the PHPUnit command.

With this all in place, we can run commands like ddev phpunit or ddev phpunit --testdox, or even ddev phpunit modules/custom/opdavies_talks --filter=TalkEventDateTest for a Drupal project, and have that command and tests running inside DDEV!

For more information on DDEV and creating custom commands, see the DDEV documentation.

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About me

Picture of Oliver

I'm an Acquia-certified Drupal Triple Expert with 17 years of experience, an open-source software maintainer and Drupal core contributor, public speaker, live streamer, and host of the Beyond Blocks podcast.